Studying Time: 5 minutes
A typical Polish is in comparison with the Frizzle.
By Laura Haggarty – One of many extra unusual-looking chickens you might run throughout is the Frizzle hen. Frizzle chickens are usually not a lot a hen breed, as a kind of chicken. Any breed of hen may be bred to be frizzled, however essentially the most generally seen Frizzle chickens are based mostly on Cochins, Plymouth Rocks, Japanese and Polish chickens.
Frizzle chickens are among the many hothouse flowers of the poultry fancy, by nature of their plumage which requires particular care and breeding to acquire and keep. The origin of Frizzle chickens is unclear, some sources state they originated in India, some have them in Italy, some say they have been in England as early because the mid-1600s. No matter their supply, they’re comparatively in style right here within the USA now, particularly amongst those that breed bantam chickens for exhibition. Nonetheless, they’re additionally enjoyable for folk who simply need some uncommon eye sweet of their yard hen flock!
Frizzles may be bought from a number of hatcheries, together with McMurray, Welp, and Sand Hill. Typically these accessible from hatcheries shall be based mostly on Cochins. For the opposite breeds, one should discover a breeder who specializes within the different sorts, and breed golf equipment are place to begin to discover such a breeder.
There are literally a number of genetic varieties of Frizzles, which make some look extra excessive than others. The Frizzle gene is an incompletely dominant Pleiotropic gene. That implies that it’s a single gene that has an affect on quite a few traits inside the chicken, primarily phenotypic, or these that may be outwardly seen. I don’t need to get right into a too intensive dialogue of the genetics of the chicken: a very good rationalization may be discovered within the e-book Genetics of the Fowl by F.B. Hutt.
The explanation that Frizzle chickens appear like puffballs is the best way the mutated gene makes their feathers curl. Usually, the shaft of a hen feather lies comparatively flat and clean. With the impact of the F gene (frizzling), the shaft of the affected feathers truly curl or spiral, which makes the feathers raise up and away from the Frizzled chicken’s pores and skin. As a result of nature of their feathers, many Frizzles don’t fly nicely, and their feathers are extra vulnerable to breakage than flat feathered birds (particularly females in breeding pens.)
A Buff Laced Frizzle Polish cock.
As a result of incomplete dominance of the gene, it’s not typically that you simply get two Frizzle chickens that look precisely alike. When breeding Frizzle chickens, it’s greatest to breed a Frizzled chicken to a non-Frizzled chicken. If a Frizzle hen is bred to a Frizzle hen, you’ll be able to wind up with offspring that carry an excessive amount of of the F gene, and that are known as “Curlies.” Curlies can typically look virtually bare and have feathers which are weak and break simply. So breeding Frizzles is a activity not for the faint of coronary heart. However when you’re keen to commit the time and area to them that they want, you’ll be able to wind up with some actually spectacular birds, resembling those seen in these images by breeder Donna McCormick, of Alexandria, Kentucky. Donna has had Polish birds for 17 years, and as you’ll be able to see, works with some uncommon and strikingly coloured birds.
Laura Haggarty has been working with poultry since 2000, and her household has had poultry and different livestock for the reason that early 1900s. She and her household stay on a farm within the Bluegrass area of Kentucky, the place they’ve horses, goats, and chickens. She is a licensed 4-H chief, co-founder and Secretary/Treasurer of the American Buckeye Poultry Membership, and a Life Member of the ABA and the APA.
By the E-book
The American Commonplace of Perfection printed by the American Poultry Affiliation states, “Frizzles are considered one of our odd breeds, and little is understood about their origin. Charles Darwin lessons them as ‘Frizzled or Caffie Fowls—not unusual in India, and with feathers curling backward and first feathers of wing and tail imperfect.’ The details for exhibition functions are the curl, which is most pronounced on feathers not too broad; the purity of colour in plumage, correctness in leg colour; i.e., yellow legs for the white, purple or buff, and yellow or willow for different varieties.
A Commonplace breed for the reason that first Commonplace in 1874.
“Frizzles could also be proven in any breed and selection set forth on this Commonplace of Perfection. All sections of the chicken ought to conform to the form description of the breed. The plumage colour ought to conform to the colour plumage description of the breed and selection concerned. A Frizzle of any acknowledged breed could compete for sophistication champion as supplied below the principles of the A.P.A.”
“Frizzled Bantams” from the Bantam Commonplace, printed by the American Bantam Affiliation, states, “There is no such thing as a Frizzle breed, solely frizzled variations of any breed. Frizzled bantams are frequent and are proven largely within the Cochin, Plymouth Rock, Japanese and Polish breeds.”
Initially printed in Yard Poultry 2010 and usually vetted for accuracy.